The U.S. Department of Agriculture is preparing to increase surveillance for SARS-CoV-2, looking at a wider range of species for incidences of the virus that causes COVID-19 in humans.
The stepped-up surveillance effort is part of a program meant to watch for emerging zoonotic diseases and build an early-warning system to alert public health officials so they can take steps to prevent or limit future pandemics.
The USDA is dedicating $300 million in American Rescue Plan Act funding for the effort, which is being led by it Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
A proposed strategic framework for the effort uses a One Health approach, which takes a broad view of the health of humans, animals and the environment.
“Up to 75% of emerging infectious diseases in humans can also impact the health of animals—we’ve seen this link firsthand with COVID-19,” said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack in a press release.
APHIS’ immediate focus will be on expanding SARS-CoV-2 surveillance to a wider range of wild and domesticated animals, increasing diagnostic testing and exploring new animal detections and exposures.
A public comment period on the proposed strategic framework closes Oct. 8. Written comments may be submitted to Regulations.gov.