US State Department calls the accusation by Turkey’s Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu ‘unfounded and irresponsible’.

Turkey’s interior minister has accused the United States of being behind a 2016 failed coup that Ankara has blamed on a US-based Muslim preacher and businessman, Turkish daily Hurriyet reported, at a time when Turkey is seeking improved ties with its NATO ally.

In a prompt response to the comments on Thursday, the US State Department said the accusation was “wholly false”.

More than 250 people were killed in the attempt to overthrow President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his government on July 15, 2016, when rogue soldiers commandeered warplanes, helicopters and tanks to seize state institutions.

Ankara has long blamed preacher Fethullah Gulen, a former ally of Erdogan who lives in Pennsylvania, and launched a widespread crackdown on his network, which Ankara refers to as the “Fethullah Terrorist Organisation (FETO)”. Gulen denies any involvement.

Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu told Hurriyet the US had managed the coup attempt while Gulen’s network carried it out, adding “Europe was enthusiastic about it,” reaffirming a view he had been expressing since the failed coup.

“It is blatantly clear the United States is behind July 15. It was FETO who carried it out upon their orders,” he said.

The US State Department said in a statement: “The United States had no involvement in the 2016 attempted coup in Turkey and promptly condemned it. Recent assertions to the contrary made by senior Turkish officials are wholly false.”

It said “unfounded and irresponsible claims of US responsibility for events in Turkey are inconsistent with Turkey’s status as a NATO Ally and strategic partner of the United States”.

Washington has repeatedly rejected Turkish demands for Gulen’s extradition, citing a lack of credible evidence from Ankara.

Washington has repeatedly rejected Turkish demands for extradition of Gulen, who Ankara blames for the 2016 failed coup [File: Reuters]

Ankara wants to mend ties

Ankara is seeking to repair strained ties with Washington, which last year imposed sanctions on Turkey over its purchase of Russian air defence systems, as well as with the European Union. The EU has threatened measures against Ankara over a dispute with Greece in the east Mediterranean.

Turkey has said in recent weeks that it achieved a “positive agenda” with the EU, and that it wants to improve relations with the US under President Joe Biden. He is expected to be tougher on Ankara over its record on human rights, which has worried Turkey’s Western allies.

Since the failed coup, Turkey has detained hundreds of thousands of people over suspected links to Gulen and has suspended or sacked more than 150,000 civil servants. Hundreds of media outlets have been shut and dozens of opposition MPs have been jailed.

The government’s response to month-long protests at one of the country’s top universities has also alarmed Washington and the United Nations, with both condemning “homophobic” rhetoric by officials.

Soylu has referred to some protesters as “LGBT deviants” and Erdogan said on Wednesday there was “no such thing” as LGBT, which stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender.