The Best Dairy-Free and Gluten-Free Cooking Swaps for Butter, Cream, Eggs, and Flour

Written by: Caitlin O’Malley


Published on: July 28, 2022


We love a good ingredient dupe—be it pasta, cheese, or even meat. They make it easy for all of us to enjoy the foods we love no matter what our dietary circumstances. Things can get complicated, though, when you’re substituting a base ingredient of a recipe, especially when baking. That’s because there’s usually a bit of chemistry involved, and it can be difficult to get alternative ingredients that will reliably perform like their counterparts down to the molecular level. There are four base ingredients—butter, cream, eggs, and flour—that we have found excellent alternatives for, and these will quickly become essentials in your clean cooking arsenal. Plus, we’ve included some recipes that should easily work with a one-for-one swap for each.

Plant-Based Butter

Miyoko’s European Style Cultured Vegan Butter

This vegan butter is a game changer. We love that it has only a few ingredients and is mainly made up of organic coconut oil and organic cashew milk. It melts well, spreads beautifully over toast, and bakes up like a dream in chewy cookies or moist cakes, and we’ve even been able to achieve browning with it. The other thing that makes this vegan butter so delicious is that it’s cultured. You’ll find cultured butter quite often in Europe; it means that live active cultures are added to the base mix to slightly ferment it before it’s churned. The result is a deeply flavorful, well-rounded, almost nutty-tasting butter. That’s what makes this the only vegan butter we’d gladly eat as is on good bread, and it adds that much more dimension when cooking or baking with it, too.

Miyoko’s Europe Style Vegan Cultured Butter

Brown Butter Pecan Blondies

Brown Butter Pecan Blondies

Rich and fudgy with a perfect sweet-salty balance. They’re tasty as is, but you can try adding chocolate chips, golden raisins, and shredded coconut for a more-is-more seven-layer-bar vibe.

John Legend’s Crispy Fried Chicken Wings with Spicy Honey Butter

John Legend’s Crispy Fried Chicken Wings with Spicy Honey Butter

The spicy honey butter is a star.

Roasted Squash with Brown Butter and Hazelnut Gremolata

Roasted Squash with Brown Butter and Hazelnut Gremolata

Nutty and sweet squash, browned butter, and toasted hazelnuts meet bright vegetal parsley and citrusy lemon zest.

Plant-Based Cream

Silk Dairy-Free Heavy Whipping Cream Alternative

The trickiest part about cooking with milk and cream alternatives is that they rarely have a neutral flavor. Silk’s heavy cream alternative is surprisingly neutral, with just the slightest hint of coconut on the finish—it’s not enough to be detectable once other ingredients are in the mix. It’s super versatile. Use it in creamy desserts, pasta sauces, custards, and quiche. It even whips up like regular cream. Though we have yet to attempt it, we have seen videos of people successfully using it in homemade vegan caramel sauce, which sounds incredible.

Silk Dairy-Free Heavy Whipping Cream Alternative

Vodka Sauce

Vodka Sauce

Creamy, spicy, and comforting, this classic Italian American sauce is a crowd-pleaser.

Maple Whipped Cream

Maple Whipped Cream

Maple syrup is one of the great North American ingredients. Gwyneth uses it often, including in this heavenly whipped cream.

Frozen Chocolate Mousse

Frozen Chocolate Mousse

A quicker, easier version of an Italian semifreddo.

Egg Alternative


When we were researching plant-based meats, we came across this egg alternative. As a scrambled egg, it’s a remarkable dupe. Fluffy, creamy texture and just enough of an eggy flavor without tasting of sulfur or artificial flavors. In addition to being a nice alternative for scrambles, omelets, and frittatas, it can stand in for eggs in most baked goods as well. Just measure out about 3 to 4 tablespoons or 1½ to 2 ounces of JUST Egg for every egg in the recipe. The only time you wouldn’t want to use this sub in baking is when a recipe calls for airy whipped eggs or egg whites, like in sponge cakes or meringues. (Aquafaba can be your plant-based answer to that problem, as it was for our vegan peppermint meringues.)


Cinnamon French Toast Pudding

Cinnamon French Toast Bread Pudding

You can assemble this bread pudding the night before and bake it in the morning. Cook it in a pretty dish and take it straight from the oven to the table.

Frittata with Caramelized Onion and Greens

Frittata with Caramelized Onion and Greens

Simple and delicious and suitable for breakfast, lunch, dinner, or whenever else the mood strikes.

Homemade Crepes with Chocolate Hazelnut Spread

Homemade Crepes with Chocolate-Hazelnut Spread

Nutella is a classic crepe filling, but we also love yogurt and jam and savory options like spinach and cheese.

Gluten-Free Flour

Cup4Cup Multipurpose Flour

Replacing the flour in recipes to make them gluten-free used to be a challenge, because you often need a blend of a few different flours to mimic the characteristics of wheat flour. Now there are many ready-made blends that can easily be subbed into your cooking and baking projects. Our favorite is Cup4Cup. It was developed by chefs from the three–Michelin star restaurant The French Laundry so that they could still accommodate gluten-free diners with their tasting menus. Working with this flour is an absolute dream. As the name suggests, it’s a reliable one-for-one swap for regular flour, and the blend gets very close to the texture of the real thing.

Cup4Cup Multipurpose Flour

Adobo Fried Chicken and Waffles

Adobo Fried Chicken and Waffles

Gluten-free chicken and waffles can be hard to come by, but both the flour dredge and waffle batter can easily be made with Cup4Cup instead of AP flour. It’s a bit of a project but will be so worth it.

Mini Olive Oil Bundt Cakes

Mini Olive Oil Orange Bundt Cakes

Not-too-sweet cake. This recipe yields enough for 10 mini Bundts or one standard 10-inch Bundt cake—just be sure to adjust your bake time as needed.

Gluten-Free Drop Biscuits with Lemon Zest

Gluten-Free Drop Biscuits with Lemon Zest

Serve with your favorite jams and crème fraîche (or clotted cream, if you can find it).

Recommended Reading

Hacks to Make Homemade Dinners Better with Store-Bought Ingredients

How a Dietitian Uses Condiments to Make Healthy and Simple Meals

A Guide to the Best Gluten-Free Pastas

The Vegan Cheese Guide

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