Last April, I had the opportunity to hear an online talk about the latest book, The Nature of Oaks, by Professor Doug Tallamy of the University of Delaware. Sponsored by Phoenixville’s Reads & Company and Valley Forge Audubon Society’s Vince Smith, the program learned more about oak trees than ever before.
The importance of orcs is what I heard many years ago when I was studying landscape design at Temple University. One of my professors observed that the two most valuable trees to plant for wildlife are oak and eastern white pine. One nut feeds birds, small mammals, deer and bears. The other seed feeds many birds, and the evergreen leaves provide a winter haven.
A quick search on the internet will find a lot of information about the different species that acorns depend on to survive. As stated in the National Wildlife Federation’s blog, “Everyone knows that small acorns grow powerful oak trees, but small acorns have deer, gray squirrels, red squirrels, chipmunks, Wild turkeys, crows, and flying squirrels also need to be added to grow. Rabbits, opossums, bluejays, quail, squirrels, duck-more than 100 US vertebrates eat acorns.
“In the fall and winter, acorns are the cheeseburgers of the forest ecosystem. They are fairly easy to find and well packaged. They are one of the most valuable food resources available to wildlife.” (((https://blog.nwf.org/2013/10/the-wildlife-benefits-of-acorns-and-oaks/).
That may seem like a good benefit, but a closer look at the orcs reveals how much the orcs have contributed and how long they have contributed. The highlights of Taramie’s talk are:
“Some plants transfer the energy they produce to other species. I call them” keystone species. ” Oaks do this much more than any other plant. “
“Oaks disperse faster and farther than any tree in the world. [thanks to jays].. Almost all jay species there have a special relationship with orcs. Jaze can carry 4-5 acorns on a special pouch in the throat. They tap each nut about 1 inch on the ground. One Jay can “plant” 4,500 acorns a year, but only about one-third of them are remembered. The rest remains planted. The acorns are widely dispersed as the Jaze flies up to a mile from the tree. “
“The leaves contain nutrients sucked up by the oak, and the tree can use them again. When the leaves are removed, those nutrients are lost. Our trees have low soil fertility. It is adapted and can kill trees by fertilization / over-fertilization. Fallen leaves are the best root cover you can have. “
“Many caterpillars need soft soil to overwinter. It is difficult for them to pass through dense, compressed lawns. This is a very important point in maintaining diversity. Without it, you don’t have enough food for the birds and you’re on your way to a dead landscape. “
“Oaks are important in producing the caterpillar biomass that migratory birds depend on. In an overnight flight, migratory birds can fly 300 miles and lose one-third of their body weight. They feed wherever they are. Come down to do. There used to be caterpillars everywhere — maybe there is a city there now. Therefore, if one tree has enough space, plant oak. To save migratory birds. You can. “(In Tallamy’s book, I learned that the oaks spoken by everyone in the United States support the development of 897 species of caterpillars.)
“Oaks can live much longer than we admit. Growth is 300 years, stagnation is 300 years, decline is up to 300 years. Some people live longer.”
Taramie’s book also shows that there are oaks in all climatic and almost all landscape situations.
Doug Tallamy is currently a professor and chairman of the Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology at the University of Delaware in Newark.
Pam Bakster is an avid organic vegetable gardener living in Kimberton. Send an email directly to firstname.lastname@example.org or send an email to PO Box 80 in Kimberton, PA. Share your gardening story on Facebook’s Chester County Roots. Big Life Lessons from Nature’s Little Secret, a Pam book for kids and families, is available on Amazon at Amazon.com/author/pamelabaxter.