UN condemns deadly violence in Mandalay, Singapore warns of ‘adverse consequences’ and Facebook deletes the military’s main page.
International condemnation of Myanmar’s military rulers grew on Sunday, after security forces opened fire on anti-coup protesters in the second largest city of Mandalay, killing at least two people and wounding dozens more.
Facebook deleted the main page of Myanmar’s military for inciting violence while Antonio Guterres, the United Nations chief, added his voice to the chorus of concern.
“I condemn the use of deadly violence in Myanmar,” Guterres wrote on Twitter. “The use of lethal force, intimidation and harassment against peaceful demonstrators is unacceptable.”
“Everyone has the right to peaceful assembly,” he added. “I call on all parties to respect the election results and return to civilian rule.”
Myanmar’s military, known as the Tatmadaw, seized power on February 1 after alleging fraud in an election that returned Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) to power last November. The takeover came a decade after the end of nearly 50 years of strict military rule, and has prompted a general strike and demonstrations in cities and towns across Myanmar.
Members of ethnic minorities, poets, rappers and transport workers marched on Saturday in various places, but tension escalated quickly in Mandalay where police and soldiers fired live rounds at striking workers at Mandalay’s Yadanabon dock.
One victim was shot in the head and died immediately, according to the Frontier Myanmar magazine, while another was shot in the chest and died en route to the hospital. An emergency worker told AFP news agency that 30 others were wounded, with half of the injuries caused by live rounds.
33rd Light Infantry Division
Thomas Andrews, the UN special Rapporteur for Myanmar, said he had received reports that the Tatmadaw’s 33rd Light Infantry Division was involved in the shootings. That unit was responsible for the campaign of mass killings, rape, and arson that forced 730,000 members of the Rohingya ethnic minority into Bangladesh in 2017. Andrews called the shootings “a dangerous escalation by the junta in what appears to be a war against the people of Myanmar”.
The 33rd Light Infantry Division was reportedly involved in the lethal attacks in Mandalay today – the same division responsible for mass atrocity crimes against the Rohingya in 2017. A dangerous escalation by the junta in what appears to be a war against the people of Myanmar.
— UN Special Rapporteur Tom Andrews (@RapporteurUn) February 20, 2021
The United States, United Kingdom, France and Singapore have all expressed concern over the shootings, with British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab threatening “further action” and the Singaporean foreign ministry warning of “serious adverse consequences for Myanmar and the region” if the situation continued to escalate.
The shooting of peaceful protesters in Myanmar is beyond the pale. We will consider further action, with our international partners, against those crushing democracy & choking dissent.
— Dominic Raab (@DominicRaab) February 20, 2021
Myanmar’s military government – led by Senior General Min Aung Hlaing – has so far remained impassive in front of the relentless backlash, with the US, UK, Canada and New Zealand announcing targeted sanctions on military leaders.
European Union foreign ministers will meet Monday to discuss their own measures against the regime.
The bloc’s foreign policy chief Josep Borrell also urged security forces to “immediately stop violence against civilians” after the crackdown in Mandalay.
Al Jazeera’s Tony Cheng, reporting from Bangkok in neighboring Thailand, said it was not yet clear if Saturday’s shooting was intended as a “warning shot to protesters across the country or if this is the start of a much wider crackdown”.
“The campaign of civil disobedience appears to be having a fairly profound impact – people are refusing to go to their jobs and that’s affecting the transport systems and the banking systems particularly badly,” he said.
“We understand that the railways in Yangon are now effectively shut down. We’ve heard that flight schedules for domestic flights in Myanmar have closed down, with pilots refusing to turn up. Many civil servants are not going into work, and while this is a huge problem for ordinary people, it is also a major problem for the military.
“It seems most people are determined to put up with these discomforts if it forces out the military. That is going to push the military into a corner, where they will either have to come out fighting or they will have to back down.”
Nearly 570 people have been detained since the coup, according to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners monitoring group.