The skull and jaw of the ancient Toalean woman found in a cave in South Sulawesi, Indonesia.

The skull and jaw of the ancient Toalean woman, whose remains were found in a cave in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. (Image credit: Hasanuddin University)

A woman buried 7,200 years ago in what is now Indonesia belonged to a previously unknown human lineage that doesn’t exist anymore, a new genetic analysis reveals.

The ancient woman’s genome also revealed that she is a distant relative of present-day Aboriginal Australians and Melanesians, or the Indigenous people on the islands of New Guinea and the western Pacific whose ancestors were the first humans to reach Oceania, the researchers found.



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